This article is a series of articles. For the first part, please see: Ten Years of Thailand (Part 1): What kind of "past" shapes the "present" of Prime Minister Prayuth? The 9th King of Thailand passed away in 2016 On October 13, 2016, King Rama IX Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand passed away due to illness. Since he ascended the throne on June 9, 1946, King Bhumibol has reigned for 70 years and 126 days, which is the longest reign in the history of Thailand.
The long-standing king has also become the second-longest reigning king in human history; Thailand's modernization road reached its peak in the past 70 years. The economic achievements and model choice of King Bhumibol have received high photo background removing attention and affirmation from the international community. The "Sufficiency Economic Philosophy" of sufficient food, sufficient use, frugality and self-reliance, the ultimate goal is to cultivate the "immunity" of individuals, families and even the country to cope with all external changes. This economic theory has not only become Thailand's highest concept of state governance, It is also widely discussed by anthropologists and economists around the world. Based on the concept of "adequate economy", Thailand has become the country with the lowest pain index and the highest happiness index in the world. Although the Thai constitution restricts the king's real political power, during the tenure of King Bhumibol, there have been numerous political crises in the country, such as military coups, constitutional amendments and changes in the Prime Minister.
King Bhumibol has repeatedly intervened and mediated political disputes. "The role is the final referee in resolving the political disputes in Thailand, as well as a spiritual symbol of national unity and people's faith. The only exception that King Bhumibol did not intervene in mediation was when Prime Minister Taksim turned a deaf ear when the Congress faced a leadership crisis in 2006, and even tacitly allowed the military to launch a military coup to take over power when Taksim went to the United States to attend the United Nations General Assembly.